Hemorrhoids are a very widespread and extremely troublesome disorder in the general population, and have a negative impact on both social and professional life, reducing quality of life and representing a heavy economic burden.
It is also called piles and it affects both males and females, old and young, pregnant and non- pregnant.
Things to gain from this post on how to stop hemorrhoids
- What hemorrhoids are?
- The clear explanation on the different types of hemorrhoids
- How to stop hemorrhoids before it occurs
- How to stop hemorrhoids after it has occurred
- How to stop hemorrhoids from ever happening again etc
Have you ever had hemorrhoids?
If you have ever suffered from hemorrhoids or you are suffering from it, this post is for you. More so, if you know anyone who has this challenge, I advise that you recommend this post on how to stop hemorrhoids to them. Alright! Let’s get to know about hemorrhoids.
What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are the engorgement of the anus plexus in the anal canal. Big vocabulary right? Let me break it down. Hemorrhoids are the swelling of the veins in the anus (the hole where feces comes out from) or swelling of your rectum (the structure just before the anus, inside there) area. I hope that is simpler?
Unfortunately, this condition takes place in the rectum and in the anus region. You can imagine how uncomfortable that might be.
Where are hemorrhoids formed?
Let’s learn a little further, there is a line that separates your anus from your rectum, this line is called the dentate or the pectinate line. Above the pectinate line is the rectum and below the pectinate line is the anus.
Piles or hemorrhoids can either occur above the dentate line or a below it. This clearly divides hemorrhoids into two different types. You see that? Therefore, if you have a kind of hemorrhoids down there, it is important to know which type it is because this will give you a basic knowledge of your condition and how to handle it.
Types of hemorrhoids
The space above the dentate line is the rectum and the region is called the endoderm while the space below the dentate line is your anus the region is referred to as the ectoderm. Based on this, hemorrhoids are classified into two namely;
- The internal
- The external
The internal hemorrhoids
These are hemorrhoids above the pectinate line(in the rectum) characterized by painless bright red bleeding. It occurs in the rectum and not in the anus but can prolapse (i.e having a reddish stuff peeping out of your anus while defecating) into the anus and outside the anus as the condition progresses.
Types of internal hemorrhoids.
The judgment of the severity of an internal hemorrhoids is the degree of the prolapse ( how much of your rectum is sticking out of your anus). Therefore Internal hemorrhoids are classified into 4 different grades based on their severity. They are;
Grade I hemorrhoids: These are hemorrhoids that bleed but do not prolapse. This means that, while cleaning after using the toilet , you have your toilet paper smeared with bright red blood but you don’t have any red stuff peeping out of your anus yet. That is, there is a bulge of your anus but no real prolapse (nothing red is peeping down there). This is a mild stage of internal hemorrhoids.
Grade II hemorrhoids. These are hemorrhoids that prolapse but reduce spontaneously (on its own) when you are defecating. I mean that, there is a prolapse that regresses/ goes back in on its own. You needn’t push it in.
Grade III hemorrhoids. In this case the prolapse gets bigger and it is reluctant/unwilling to regress (go back in). This time it goes back in too slowly that you have to push it in manually.
Grade IV hemorrhoids. There is a prolapse that refuses to regress. This is a prolapse irreducible hemorrhoids. At this point the hemorrhoids are permanently prolapsed and cannot be pushed back in.
External Hemorrhoids: These are hemorrhoids that occur below the pectinate line and form a bulge under the skin of the anus. The bulge or swelling under the skin of the anus is as a result of the accumulation of blood there. This is caused by a pressure on the veins around your anus which cuts off blood supply and cause blood to clot there.
How to know that it is an external hemorrhoids.
- There is a swelling around the anus
- The swelling around the anus can become thrombosed, that is, blood clots there and forms a lump
- There is no bleeding unless you burst the lump (please don’t)
- Your rectum does not stick out (no prolapse). I mean no red stuff is peeping out of your anus
- It is painful
- As it progresses the, the bulged or swollen spot on your anus gets bigger
- The bulge can burst
- Perianal pain/discomfort
- Pruritus – itchy anus
- perianal swelling – the swelling of the perineum. Perineum is the space between your buttocks
How to know that you have internal hemorrhoids
- There is a bright blood stain on your toilet paper. This is seen after you are done defecating and you are cleaning up. If the blood stain is not bright red, it may not be hemorrhoids but anal fissure or ulcer.
- There is a prolapse of the rectum. That is, you can see something red peeping out of your anus
- The prolapse can get bigger over time, if not attended to
- It may require surgery if the prolapse is so big that it wouldn’t get back in. this is a rare condition though but not uncommon
- A mucus discharge may be experienced
- There may be tenesmus – a continual or recurrent inclination to evacuate the bowels, caused by disorder of the rectum or other illness.
- Thrombosis may take place– blood clot at the anus, which is the cause of the bulge experienced at the anus
Just as I mentioned earlier, hemorrhoids are the swelling of the veins of the anus and the rectum. The causes are;
- Excessive straining while defecating due to constipation. If each time you visit the toilet, you push so hard to get your feces out. My dear, you are inviting hemorrhoids.
- Sitting for long period of time. When you sit for a long period of time whether in the office or in the toilet. There is an intense pressure on the veins in your anus and rectum. This pressure can cut off blood supplies to that region and cause hemorrhoids to gradually form.
- Obesity –this can put an extra weight on your lower body, since your lower body bodies the weight of your body. Pressure may build up at your anus or rectum which can lead to hemorrhoids,
- Low fibre diet. This is the major cause of constipation which can quickly get you down with hemorrhoids.
- Pregnancy: In pregnancy the uterus gets larger and put pressure on the anus veins.
A little more on the causes of hemorrhoids
- Birth labour: the pressure in the anus when a woman is pushing the baby during labour can cause hemorrhoids
- Aging: many aged people suffer hemorrhoids. As one ages activities reduce, one tends to sit more, the veins become weak and so on. This can cause hemorrhoids
- Constipation: This is when your bowels don’t move and your feces is very hard and difficult to pass out because you have not been eating food rich in fibers and you have not been taking sufficient WATER. This is a leading cause of hemorrhoids.
- Consumption of a lot of sugar. This makes you more prone to constipation as a result you may come down with hemorrhoids.
- Improper anal hygiene
How to stop hemorrhoids before it occurs
The best cure for hemorrhoids and other diseases is prevention. That is, to stop them before they ever happen. I must state here that, this is at the top of the list of how to stop hemorrhoids .These are the list of lifestyle and dietary changes that will help you stop hemorrhoids before it occurs.
- Take food rich in fibers. These are indigestible substances that move through your body, they regulate digestion and make your stools softer and easier to pass. They exert a prebiotic effect. There are two types;
- Soluble fibers such as pectin, gums, and mucilage,
Water soluble fibers make a modest on stool output and as well very effective in water retention. food rich in insoluble fibers wheat bran, whole grains, cereals, seeds, and the skins of many fruits and vegetables.
2. Insoluble fibers :Such as cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin.
The insoluble fibers have little water retention but significantly increase stool output and are very potent for bowels movement. Foods rich in soluble fibers are; fruits, vegetables, yams, potatoes, rice, beans oats bran, barley, citrus fruits, apples, strawberries, peas.
Both types of fibers are good however, if you notice you are constipated take the insoluble fibers. They will help your bowels to move very quickly. Thereafter you can continue with the water soluble.
Get to know more on how to stop hemorrhoids before it ever occurs.
Drink a sufficient water. Form the habit of starting your morning with a glass of water at room temperature. More so, take water before and after every meal.
- Desist from the habit of sitting for too long. It is a bad habit to sit very long in a toilet pressing your phones or reading books. It puts pressure on your anus and rectum causing the blood supplies down there to be cut off, overtime this bad habit will cause hemorrhoid.
- Treat constipation: If you always feel bloated and too full after eating a little portion of food, you might be constipated. Not only this, if each time you visit the toilet you have to push hard to pass feces then you might be.
Some people have it so hard that they will have to dislodge the feces with their fingers. If this is your case, you need to increase your intake of food rich in fibers and take sufficient water, just as I have written above.
Kegel exercise: this is quite good before, during and after pregnancy. It tightens and strengthens the muscles around your anus and prevents hemorrhoids
More on the ways to prevent hemorrhoids
- Stop straining while using toilet: If your stool is too hard to come out. Don’t force it but do this. Give yourself a belly massage massage right there as you are sitting on the toilet seat. Make an anticlockwise move on your belly. From the right side of the belly button and up until you hit a bone ,just below the chest and down to the left side and down below the abdomen.
Repeat this until your feces begins to come out. If the feces fails to come out and it gets stuck at the mouth of the anus, dislodge with your finger instead of pushing hard.
- Reduce or stop the consumption of spicy and fatty food. Spicy and fatty food are one of the most important dietary risk factors for a hemorrhoidal crisis.
- Stay away from alcohol. Alcohol is another possible risk factor for hemorrhoidal disease.
- Regular exercise and improving anal hygiene
How to stop hemorrhoids after it has occurred.
If you are already suffering from hemorrhoid, please don’t worry so much. It is treatable and curable. In fact, most hemorrhoids disappear on their own over time when the underlining cause is dealt with. Even if it doesn’t , there is still a solution.
Start practicing the preventive measures that I explained above. That is the first thing to do because this will help it disappear on its own.
- Use Aloe vera. Aloe vera is one of the most commonly used extracts in the treatment of acute and chronic wounds. If you notice a prolapse or better still the moment you notice a bright blood even before a prolapse, drink some aloe vera and rub some on your anus area.
The gel of aloe vera reduces the pain, swelling and itching of burns, and skin irritations. It helps to restore intestinal habit and to diminish local symptoms.
It contains a mix of different glycoproteins, which have analgesic and anti-inflammatory qualities. The evidence to date suggests that aloe vera is also important in reducing healing time following hemorrhoidectomy
- You can use sitz baths : A sitz bath is a type of therapy done by sitting in warm, shallow water. It can help soothe pain, itching, and other symptoms in the anal and genital areas. It can also help keep these areas clean if you can’t take a bath or shower. It improves anal hygiene.
- Rubber band ligation- this procedure is carried out in the hospital. This can work for stage i,ii, ii. A ligation is used to fasten up the hemorrhoid while the rubber band is slipped over the hemorrhoids. The tightness of the rubber band cuts off blood supply and the hemorrhoids is cut off.
- Surgery. This can only be considered in the case of a severe prolapse that wouldn’t regress, or when there is a severe thrombosis or an ulceration of the prolapse. Don’t worry if you follow the preventive and corrective measures I listed above your hemorrhoids will significantly regress.
How to stop hemorrhoids from relapsing
I am very sure that you will win the battle and be hemorrhoids free. In order to achieve this, you need to follow all that I have written. Hemorrhoids can easily relapse if you subject yourself to such conditions as mentioned above. Therefore, best way to stop hemorrhoids from relapsing is to be mindful of the preventive measures that I listed above.